Protect California Dudleya

Cymosa pumila. Photo: Stephen McCabe

Stop Illegal Poaching of Dudleya: Support AB 223

State and federal wildlife agents have identified a surge in Dudleya (also known as “liveforevers”) poaching along California coastlines. Poachers were caught stealing thousands of plants, shipping them internationally, and selling them as trendy houseplants for top dollar. Investigators now estimate that poachers have stolen several hundreds of thousands of Dudleya from California worth tens of millions of dollars. Asm. Member Christopher Ward of San Diego has introduced AB 223 that makes Dudleya poaching illegal.

What exactly is a Dudleya?

Dudleya is a genus of succulent plants in southwestern North America that includes 47 species and 21 subspecies.

  • 26 species of those species are native to California and grow along coastal cliffs
  • More than half of California’s species are ranked as rare
  • 10 of California’s Dudleya are classified as threatened or endangered under the Federal and/or California Endangered Species Acts.

What you should know

People often associate poaching with white rhinos and shark fins, but plant poaching is a serious problem that puts dozens of species at risk every year. Succulents like Dudleya, orchids, cacti, and carnivorous plants are regularly stolen from wildlands and sold on the black market. In some cases, 100-year-old Dudleya have been uprooted from California cliffs and sold for thousands of dollars only to die within a year.

Why Assembly Bill 223?

Today, state law enforcement officials and district attorneys must rely upon a non-specific section of the penal code to prosecute Dudleya poachers. To date, officials have gotten lucky in that they have been able to try cases due to the presence of criminal conspiracies. Without a criminal conspiracy, the penalty for Dudleya poaching would be extremely low and may limit prosecution. Asm. Member Christopher Ward (D-San Diego) has introduced AB 223 to close this gap.

  • AB 223 give law enforcement officials and district attorneys the tools necessary for prosecution and enforces penalties that are large enough to deter poachers.
  • Assembly Bill 223 makes it explicitly unlawful to steal and sell Dudleya taken from state, local, or private lands, and establishing strong penalties for violations.

We invite you to watch the Plant Heist documentary. Sibling filmmakers Chelsi and Gabriel de Cuba follow the intense story of Dudleya poaching as well as the inspiring efforts to stop this ecological destruction. You can watch the film for free until May 25th via Mailchimp’s Support the Shorts.⠀

Dudleya cymosa ssp. cymosa

Canyon liveforever

Chapters: El Dorado, Mount Lassen, Napa Valley, Redbud, Sacramento Valley, Sanhedrin, Shasta, Sequoia, Sierra Foothills, Tahoe, Willis L. Jepson

Dudleya abramsii ssp. setchellii

Santa Clara Valley liveforever

Santa Clara Valley Chapter

Dudleya abramsii ssp. affinis

San Bernardino Mountains Dudleya

Riverside/San Bernardino Chapter

Dudleya abramsii ssp. calcicola

Limestone Dudleya

Alta Peak Chapter

Dudleya abramsii ssp. murina

Mouse-gray Dudleya

San Luis Obispo Chapter

Dudleya arizonica

Chalk Dudleya

Mojave Desert Chapter

Dudleya brittonii

Giant chalk Dudleya

Baja Chapter

Dudleya cymosa ssp. marcescens

Marcescent Dudleya

Los Angeles/Santa Monica Mountains Chapter

Dudleya cymosa ssp. paniculata

Diablo range Dudleya

Chapters: East Bay, North San Joaquin

Dudleya edulis


Orange County Chapter

Dudleya farinosa

Bluff lettuce

Chapters: Dorothy King Young, Marin, Milo Baker, Monterey, North Coast, Santa Cruz County, Yerba Buena

Dudleya gnoma

Gnome Liveforever

Channel Islands Chapter

Dudleya lanceolata

Lanceleaf liveforever

Kern County Chapter

Dudleya pulverulenta

Chalk Dudleya

San Diego Chapter

Dudleya saxosa

Cooper's Dyssodia

Bristlecone Chapter

Dudleya virens ssp. insularis

Island green Dudleya

South Coast Chapter

Dudleya blochmaniae

Blochamn's Dudleya

San Diego Chapter

Dudleya densiflora

San Gabriel Mountains Dudleya

San Gabriel Mountains Chapter

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